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The Connotations of Human Rights Under the Socialist Core Value System
October 27,2014   By:CSHRS

Free development of each individual is the supreme objective of human rights development and the condition for free development of all sorts of people. The socialist concept of honor and disgrace emphasizes and adheres to a principle that respect for others and the society be taken as an important precondition to obtain respect from others. Individual qualities and virtues are promoted via self-discipline and independence so as to reach the objective that other's values are voluntarily respected and public morality abided by. Here it can be seen that the socialist concept of honor and disgrace transcends the narrow rights consciousness of individualistic human rights to establish a higher level of human rights awareness and pursuit organically integrating the rights of individuals, of other people and the society. The socialist core value system underpins and abides by socialist concept of honors and disgraces, and thus is the same as the tenet and requirements for human rights defined in the Charters of the United Nations, and is a heritance of the Marxist human rights concept. One of the tenet of Charters of the United Nations is "promote and encourage respect of human rights and fundamental freedom of all human beings", advocating "develop international friendly relations on the basis of respecting equal rights of the people and self-determination".  This puts the respect for and protection of fundamental human rights, dignity and values on the basis of friendly exchanges and mutual advancement, underpinning respect others and the human race on the issue of human rights. Marxism offers scientific interpretation to freedom, equality, human rights and other important concepts from the perspective of historical materialism, and proposes the objective and path of development for human rights. Communist Manifesto proposes the ultimate objective of human rights development on the basis analyzing the hypocritical nature of the bourgeoisie concept of human rights and elaborating the pursuit for human rights by the working class and the working people: "Free development of each individual is the supreme objective of human rights development and the condition for free development of all sorts of people."  This transcends the individualistic concept of human rights, witnessing its qualitative leap and rational sublimation, and generalization and overall advancement of different understandings of human values and rights against the multi-cultural background. The socialist concept of honors and disgraces harbors all the philosophies of human rights acknowledged by the entire human race, elevating the development of human rights concept and thoughts to a new stage.

(The author is Dean of College of Marxism, Liaoning University.)