Cultural Diversity and Human Rights
October 14,2014   By:CSHRS

To ensure the implementation of the basic principles laid in the Constitution, Kazakhstan has undertaken grave steps to introduce and reinforce international standards in the national legislation, including in the sphere of human rights. The concrete measures undertaken to enhance Kazakhstan's legislation are the proof of such consistency. First of all, we have joined the fundamental document in this area, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is the first and the main international instrument that systematically provides specific provisions to respect and protect basic human rights and the foundation for the practical implementation of human rights in the world.

In fact, the Declaration has given the start to the universal movement towards recognition of the necessity to respect and protect human rights. In many countries, its principles and norms have become a part of the content of constitutions and national legislations. This is the case for Kazakhstan as well from the first day of its independence. It has been conducting the policy of active integration in the global processes and promotion of human rights and freedoms.

In this case, I would like to note that while alongside with the implementation of the principle of the universality of human rights, the current specific conditions of each state should be taken into consideration. Due to large differences in the social systems, levels of economic development, historic circumstances and cultural traditions in various states, certain mentality and even stereotypes, understanding of the issue of human rights and approaches to practical realization and implementation of those rights is quite diverse as well. Clear examples in case of Kazakhstan are economic reforms carried out in line with the demands of the market economy, necessity to maintain political stability and interethnic accord, establishment and development of the institutes of the civil society.

The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan incorporates in its national legal framework an overwhelming majority of the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other primary international sources of rights and freedoms for citizens, while preserving its positive national experience in protection of human rights through promoting ideas of tolerance and peaceful attitude towards each other.